Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Study Guide For Final Exam

Final Exam will be in our regular classroom on   

 Monday, November 28, 2016   1:00 – 3:00 PM

Be sure to think about themes, period styles (necessary for 'unknown' slides), and comparisons (which will help you recognize periods)! 

Suggestions for writing good slide id’s:
Identify Artist, Title, date, and Period. Period usually includes both time and place, like: Paleolithic Europe, or Hellenistic Greece. Knowing the period well-- it's stylistic traits and the cultural context which led to them-- will help you to identify the significance effectively.

For the significance, think about answering some of these questions:
1.     What has this monument/object come to stand for? (ie First Stringed Instrument) What does that tell us? (Humans have highly valued both music and artwork for millenia, and tied both to storytelling, as we can see from the way they made this early instrument with valuable materials and great care, and decorated it with images depicting the earliest epic tale)
2.     What stylistic traits does the image show, and what do those traits tell us about X period? (for example, you could link specific visible traits of Egyptian Art to the extreme power of the pharaohs.)
3.     What do the form and content of this artwork teach us about this culture, the person who made it, the religious beliefs, etc.?
4.     What stylistic traits does the work demonstrate that make it the ideal example of a particular period? Describe the artwork—but then be sure to explain what the description tells us about the historical and cultural context of the artwork.

Study Skills:
·      create notecards for key works (including artist title date period and significance)
·      create notecards for each period, with major features described,
·      create notecards for key terms or term groups
·      return to text to read over areas where your memory is weaker, especially if you missed that class
·      work with a partner or study group
·      create a timeline and/or map consider creating a color code for period or geography

Key Terms: Gothic, tempera, gilding

Key Terms
Ancient Mesopotamia/Fertile Crescent
Minoan Greek
Archaic Greek
Classical Greek
Hellenistic Greek
Qin Dynasty China
Early Christian Art
Byzantine Art
Islamic Art
Medieval Art
  • Romanesque Art, 
  • Insular Art
  • Gothic Art
Proto-Renaissance Art

stylization (what and why?)
icon, iconography, iconoclasm,

art history, 
pilgrimage (what and why?)
literati painting,

Formal Analysis

naturalistic, (not Naturalism) another way of thinking about this is illusionism "the principle or  technique by which artistic representations are made to resemble real objects or to give an appearance of space by the use of perspective" (Source)

stylization (what and why?)

Abstraction "Abstraction and abstract art - Imagery which departs from representational accuracy, to a variable range of possible degrees, for some reason other than verisimilitude. Abstract artists select and then exaggerate or simplify  the forms suggested by the world around them. "

Representational/ Non-Representational, 

Key Works: Remember, almost all of these key works are in your textbook. They all also appear in context with other images from the same period and additional resources on this blog. As you study, go through the blog and the textbook to solidify your understanding of the period of each piece. 

Ancient Civilizations of the Old World (3000-1500 BC), map

For Each Key work. you should learn Artist (Unknown, Title, Date, Period--ie Paleolithic, or 

Ancient Egyptian) and explain the reason this piece is historically Significant.

Woman from Willendorf, (1-4) great source , c.22,000 bce

Lascaux Cave, Hall of the Bulls, ~15000-13000bce
study all the images of lascaux in the book closely!!! Lascaux Cave(1-6 &7),
Bird-Headed Man with Bison, 
Lascaux Cave,  ~15000-13000bce

Lascaux Cave, Crossed Bison, ~15000-13000bce

Cave of the Hands (not in book), 

Nanna Ziggurat (2-3& 4), 2100-2050 bce

Tel Asmar Votive Statues (2-5), 
Bull Lyre (2-6 & 8), ~2500 bce

Bull Lyre (2-6 & 8), ~2500 bce

Stele of Naramsin (2-9), 2230 bce

Palette of Narmer, 3150-3125 bce, slate, 2'1"Early Dynastic

Menkaure and Khamerernebty, greywacke stone, ~2500 bce (2-18) Old Kingdom

Akhenaten, Nefertiti and Three of their Daughters, 1348-1335 bce,  New Kingdom

King Tuthankamun's Painted Box, c. 1325, Late Period

Exekias vases (4-21 and online sources) 540 bce

Kouros from Attica (4-19), 580 bce archaic

Kritios Boy (4-25), 480 bce

Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, ~447 bce
key work: Pediment of Parthenon (Elgin Marbles) 4-29,Parthenon (Elgin Marbles)4-29, 30 7 31), classical greek
File:Ac marbles.jpg
Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, ~447 bce
key work: Pediment of Parthenon (Elgin Marbles) 4-29,Parthenon (Elgin Marbles)4-29, 30 7 31),
Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, ~447 bce
key work: Pediment of Parthenon (Elgin Marbles) 4-29,Parthenon (Elgin Marbles)4-29, 30 7 31),

Laoco├Ân and his sons, (p. 17, fig 27 & 28), 1st c ce, hellenistic

Etruscan She-Wolf (5-19), also known as Capitoline wolf

Etruscan She-Wolf (5-19), also known as Capitoline wolfT

Etruscan She-Wolf (5-19), also known as Capitoline wolf.  She-wolf with Romulus and Remus added centuries later. 500 bce 

Sarcophagus from Cerviteri (5-18) 520 bce

Terra-cotta soldiers from the Tomb of Emperor Qin (3-1), excavation view

Terra-cotta soldiers from the Tomb of Emperor Qin (3-1), 210 bce

Terra-cotta soldier from the Tomb of Emperor Qin (3-1),  

Pantheon (6-22, 6-23),

File:Pantheon right side view.jpg
Pantheon (6-22, 6-23), 125-128 ce

Story of Moses, House Synagogue at Dura-Europos, Syria, 244 Jewish

Anthemius of Tralles and Isodorus of Mileutus, Hagia Sophia (7-11 and 12), 532-537

Anthemius of Tralles and Isodorus of Mileutus, Hagia Sophia (7-11 and 12),

\San Vitale (7-15), exterior, 
File:Emilia Ravenna5 tango7174.jpg

San Vitale (7-15), interior, apse mosaic 547

San Vitale (7-15), interior, Mosaic with Emperor Justinian

Mosaic with Empress Theodora,  San Vitale  interior,  (7-16 and 17 ), 547

The Prophet Muhammad and his Companions Traveling to the Fair (p. 193), 1594

Great Mosque at Cordoba (8-7 &8),

Minrab Dome, Great Mosque of Cordoba (photo: Jebulon)
Dome Mosaic Great Mosque at Cordoba (8-7 &8), 785
Hypostyle hall, Great Mosque at Cordoba (8-7 &8), 785

Medieval Art                                                300-1500

(sometimes called Art of Middle Ages or even Dark Ages)

[(Final)Division of the Roman Empire          395 AD]

 (I say final tentatively, because it comes fleetingly back together several times)
Early Christian Art:                         313-525 linked by subject; stylistically and geographically diverse

Byzantine Art:                      313-1453-  
Orthodox Christian Art         313- Today
geographically diverse, stylistically linked, linked by content
(313 Edict of Milan, 1453 Fall of Constantinople to Ottonian Turks)

Early Medieval                                            500-800
The problem of images: Can Christians be artists? Illusions are lies; images become icons (Great, super simple description here.)

Art of the Islamic World                              660-today 
linked by certain traits-- calligraphy, intricate abstract and botanical designs, and by the dominance of Islam in the geographies covered, but otherwise highly diverse geographically,  stylistically and in terms of content
(good timeline of dynstic divisions of Art in the Islamic world here.)

Germanic Migration Period                     300-900
Anglo Saxon                                         400-1066    Stylistically linked, geographically diverse
Insular (Celtic)                                        600-1200

Carolingian Renaissance (Charlemagne) 780-900
France Belgium Netherlands Germany Austria --  diverse in style, Christian in content, but open to classical knowledge and style, unified by revival of earlier illusionistic styles)

Ottonian                                                  950-1024
Germany, Austria, roughly speaking. Christian content, more philosphical than before, with investigation of challenging subject matter;

Romanesque                                        1000-1300
Western Europe, stylistically unified, mostly found in architecture. blend  of German Migration period art and classical (especially Roman)  architectural and illusionistic elements

Gothic                                                  1100-1500

\Saint Faith (Foy) Reliquary (10-18), 
Virgin and Child in Majesty, 10-34)
Seated Guanyin Bodhisattva (9-8), 
Shen Zhou, Poet on a Mountaintop, (9-14), 

Virgin and Child, Saint-Denis (11-17), 

Modena Cathedral (10-21), from east, source
File:Modena Cathedral facade.jpg
Modena Cathedral (10-21), source 12th c
Modena Cathedral (10-21), source

Magi Asleep (10-28), 1120-1132

Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9) westwork, source 1134

Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9)
AChi-Rho Monogram Book of Kells late 8th early 9th Insular

Key Work: Chi Rho page of theBook of Kells, late 8th or early 9th c. Scotland. tempera on vellum. (10-4) Greek Letters Chi Rho Ota (XPI or Chri) Now this is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about..." 
Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9)

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.... 14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. John I, KJV. 

Key Work:Portrait of Matthew, Gospel Book of Ebbo, 10.5" x 8.8"Carolingian Style, ~830 ce. (10-10)
Saint Faith (Foy) Reliquary (10-18), Romanesque, late 8th early 9th 

Virgin and Child in Majesty, 10-34)1150

Seated Guanyin Bodhisattva (9-8), 11th-12th c

\Virgin and Child, Saint-Denis (11-17), 1339