Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Gothic Sculpture and Painting! Nov. 16

Study Stoksdad,  Chapter 12, pp. 306-337, focusing on the key works listed in the syllabus, as well as traits that define each period listed


Reliquary Statue of Saint Faith (Sainte Foy) , Auvergne, France, late 9th Century/early 10th c, (10-18) source L, source M, source R  ROMANESQUE art, 33"


Virgin and Child in Majesty,  Auvergne, France, late 9th Century, (10-34), French Medieval, 31"

Virgin and Child in Majesty,  Auvergne, France, late 9th Century, (10-34), French Medieval


Virgin and Child , Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, 1339, French Gothic, 27"

9th century, 9th century, 14th century (but still considered medieval) .... all french

What has changed over these centuries? Which appeals to you most? Which interests you most? Which do you think is the best quality?

And then, by way of transition.... 

Seated Guanyin Boddhisattva, 11th-12th century, Liao, China

Monday, November 13, 2017

Building a Cathedral

Overview of Medieval Art
Nov 14 Tuesday: Building a Cathedral Medieval Architecture
Homework: Stoksdad: 258-287

Key Works: Tuesday Building a Cathedral Medieval Architecture
Homework: Stoksdad: 258-287
Key Works: St Etienne (10-19), Modena Cathedral (10-21),), Magi Asleep (10-28), Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9) Sainte Chapelle (11-14)
Key Terms: Romanesque, Gothic, Medieval, buttress, arch, barrel vault, groin vault, westwork

Introducing the Timeline of Medieval Art (Can someone make me a pretty one? Why can't I find one to borrow? )

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire


image source
Key Dates (regarding dates-- you will see slightly different dates in every source, depending on what event they use to mark transition... I generally use the broadest date range and am understanding about varied sources on tests.): 
Medieval Art                                                300-1500

(sometimes called Art of Middle Ages or even Dark Ages)

[(Final)Division of the Roman Empire          395 AD]

 (I say final tentatively, because it comes fleetingly back together several times)
Early Christian Art:                         313-525 linked by subject; stylistically and geographically diverse

Byzantine Art:                      313-1453-  
Orthodox Christian Art         313- Today
geographically diverse, stylistically linked, linked by content
(313 Edict of Milan, 1453 Fall of Constantinople to Ottonian Turks)

Early Medieval                                            500-800
The problem of images: Can Christians be artists? Illusions are lies; images become icons (Great, super simple description here.)

Art of the Islamic World                              660-today 
linked by certain traits-- calligraphy, intricate abstract and botanical designs, and by the dominance of Islam in the geographies covered, but otherwise highly diverse geographically,  stylistically and in terms of content
(good timeline of dynstic divisions of Art in the Islamic world here.)

Germanic Migration Period                     300-900
Anglo Saxon                                         400-1066    Stylistically linked, geographically diverse
Insular (Celtic)                                        600-1200

Carolingian Renaissance (Charlemagne) 780-900
France Belgium Netherlands Germany Austria --  diverse in style, Christian in content, but open to classical knowledge and style, unified by revival of earlier illusionistic styles)

Ottonian                                                  950-1024
Germany, Austria, roughly speaking. Christian content, more philosphical than before, with investigation of challenging subject matter;

Romanesque                                        1000-1300
Western Europe, stylistically unified, mostly found in architecture. blend  of German Migration period art and classical (especially Roman)  architectural and illusionistic elements

Gothic                                                  1100-1500

Medieval Art in Western Europe

Harold dead bayeux tapestry.png
Add caption

Bayeux Tapestry,  1070's. Norman Romanesque. 

from youtube: The Animated Bayeux Tapestry was created as a student project while at Goldsmiths College. Just as the historic original embroidary does, the animation depicts the lead up to to the Norman Invasion of Britain in 1066. Starts about halfway through the original work at the appearence of Halley's Comet and concludes at the Battle of Hastings. Marc Sylvan redid the soundtrack to include orignal music and sound effects.

Animation by David Newton
Music and sound design by Marc Sylvan

St Etienne (10-19), 
File:Chevet abbHommes.JPG

St Etienne (10-19), source
St Etienne (10-19), nave, source
St Etienne (10-19), ribbed vaults, source

Modena Cathedral (10-21), from east, source
File:Modena Cathedral facade.jpg

Modena Cathedral (10-21), source

Modena Cathedral (10-21), nave source
Modena Cathedral (10-26), WILIGELMO, creation and temptation of Adam and Eve, frieze on the west facade, Modena Cathedral, Modena, Italy, ca. 1110. Marble, approx. 3' high.

St. Michael's, Hildesheim, 1010

File:Hildesheim-St Michaels Church.interior.01.JPG
St. Michael's, Hildesheim, Interior, 1010

St. Michael's, Hildesheim, Westwork

Romanesque bronze door
BErnward Doors, St. Michael's Cathedral, Hildesheim, 1015

Bronze doors of Hildesheim  iconographic scheme
Presentation of Christ, Bronze doors, 1015, commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael's, Hildesheim (Germany), photo: Holly Hayes (by permission)
Presentation of Christ, Bronze doors, 1015, commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael's, Hildesheim 

File:Durham Cathedral and Castle.jpg
Durham Cathedral and Castle, source

Giselbertus, Magi Asleep (10-28),  1115

Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9) westwork, source

Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9)

Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9) source

Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9) nave, source
Chartres Cathedral (11-4 & 5 & 7 &8 & 9)
File:Sainte Chapelle - Upper level 1.jpg
Sainte Chapelle (11-14)
File:SteChapelle von N.JPG
Sainte Chapelle (11-14)

Sainte Chapelle (11-14)
Robert Adams Cram, St Paul's Episcopal, Winston-Salem, NC Neogothic, 1928
Virgin and Child in Majesty