Monday, January 30, 2017

January 31: Northern Renaissance (Germany and Netherlands)

January 31: Northern Renaissance (Germany and Netherlands)
Homework: Stoksdad, 370-378
In Class: Draw Like Dürer, weave like Grünewald, Bosch, and Brueghel
Key Works and Terms:
Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece,(13-31)
Albrecht Dürer, Self-Portrait (13-32)
Dürer, Adam and Eve
Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights Triptych (open: 13-37;)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Hunters in the Snow, (13-28)
Bruegel?, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Caterina van Hemessen, Self Portrait (13-39)
Morizio Catalan, La Nona Hora
Protestant Reformation, Ekphrasis, Diptych, Triptych, polyptych

Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, first view with Crucifixion, St. Sebastian and St Anthony, with Deposition below. 1515 (13-31)

Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, first view with Annunciation, Nativity, and Resurrection, with Deposition below, 1515. 

Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, Stories from Life of St. Anthony, 1515 and Niclaus of Agenau, carvings of St. Anthony, Patrons, and Christ and Twelve Disciples, 1515. 
Albrecht Dürer, Self-Portrait, 1500 (13-32).

Dürer, Melancholia, engraving, 1514

Albrecht Dürer, Adam and Eve, Engraving, 1504

 Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Hunters in the Snow, (13-28), 1565

 Pieter Brueghel, or follower of Pieter Brueghel, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, 1560's

Musee des Beaux Arts
W. H. Auden
About suffering they were never wrong,
The old Masters: how well they understood
Its human position: how it takes place
While someone else is eating or opening a window or just walking dully along;
How, when the aged are reverently, passionately waiting
For the miraculous birth, there always must be
Children who did not specially want it to happen, skating
On a pond at the edge of the wood:
They never forgot
That even the dreadful martyrdom must run its course
Anyhow in a corner, some untidy spot
Where the dogs go on with their doggy life and the torturer's horse
Scratches its innocent behind on a tree.
In Breughel's Icarus, for instance: how everything turns away
Quite leisurely from the disaster; the ploughman may
Have heard the splash, the forsaken cry,
But for him it was not an important failure; the sun shone
As it had to on the white legs disappearing into the green
Water, and the expensive delicate ship that must have seen
Something amazing, a boy falling out of the sky,
Had somewhere to get to and sailed calmly on.

Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
William Carlos Williams
According to Brueghel
when Icarus fell
it was spring
a farmer was ploughing
his field
the whole pageantry
of the year was
awake tingling
with itself
sweating in the sun
that melted
the wings' wax
off the coast
there was
a splash quite unnoticed
this was
Icarus drowning

Caterina van Hemessen, Self Portrait (13-39), 1548

Dürer, Self Portrait in Fur-Lined Cloak  1500                Caterina van Hemessen, Self Portrait (13-39), 1548

File:The Garden of Earthly Delights by Bosch High Resolution.jpg
Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights Triptych (open, 13-37, and closed, not in book), 1504

Brueghel, Fall of the Rebel Angels,  15..

Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife, 1434

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